Canada has two levels of government which is a federal government and 10 provincial-level governments. Both levels of governments share the responsibility of regulating all health professionals in Canada. However, Canadian pharmacy sector can regulate itself. This implies that the provincial and federal government has given pharmacy professional some rights of regulating themselves. These pharmacists can establish their own educational, ethical, technical and performance criteria and also license all professionals within these jurisdictions. One of the organization is the National Association of Pharmacy regulation Authorities (NAPRA) that offers guidance and information on pharmacy regulation.
NAPRA has powers in offering Canadian pharmacy regulatory practices which enhance public protection and patient care. This body works in areas such as:
a. Offering a platform for adopting a national approach for discussing common issues which affect pharmacy practising in Canada.
b. Creating national guidelines and standards which its members can adopt in their areas of work. In this case, they harmonize pharmacy practice by facilitating the easy movement of pharmacy professionals in their areas of work and also promoting the consistent flow of pharmacy care that is required by patients.
c. Engaging in administering programs for instance Pharmacists Gateway Canada and National Drug Schedules on behalf of its members.
d. It also engages in dialogues with international, domestic agencies, the federal government and other health-related organizations on behalf of the Canadian pharmacy regulatory authorities.
NAPRA outlines that you must meet the following criteria before you receive a license as a pharmacist.
- You must be registered by a licensed regulatory body.
- Undergone structured practical training.
- Graduated from a CCAPP accredited programme.
- Must demonstrate that you passed jurisprudence examination which is designed for testing if you have thorough knowledge about the provincial and federal legislation concerning pharmacy.
NAPRA ensure that all personal information gathered is correct and protects it from theft, loss, copy, disclosure and unauthorized access. Appropriate controls are put in place to protect days processing and all computer system used.
The pharmacists’ Gateway Canada assists pharmacy regulatory authorities in aligning the registration requirements. It also assists in creating a single point of screening and application for international pharmacy graduates who wish to get registered in Canada. Also, the Gateway aims to minimize duplication of activities and steps which are required in registered these graduates.
Pharmacy examining the body of Canada assists in evaluating pharmacists in Canada. The main purpose of this body is to assess all the qualifications of pharmacy technicians and pharmacists on behalf of the regulatory bodies. Thus, PEBC can develop and administer examinations upon scanning the credentials of the candidate.
The Regulatory bodies in Canada which are given the mandate of protecting the public against unqualified pharmacist are:
- Saskatchewan College of Pharmacists
- Alberta College of Pharmacists
- Ontario College of Pharmacists
- College of Pharmacists of British
- Newfoundland and Labrador Pharmacy Board
- Columbia Manitoba Pharmaceutical Association
- Nova Scotia College of Pharmacists
- Prince Edward Island Pharmacy Board
- New Brunswick Pharmaceutical Society
Through regulating the pharmaceutical sector the government of Canada ensure that all those who are qualified can offer this essential service.
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